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For beginners, Juniper bonsai trees are To avoid shocking the roots, don’t fertilize a juniper bonsai after it has been repotted for at least a month. Identifying which type of juniper bonsai you have will help to determine how to care for it properly. Due the flexibility of the branches and growing characteristic, the Juniper bonsai tree is … Winter is the time when, after lavishing care and attention on plants, you can finally reap … The Sierra Juniper is a shrub or tree native to the western United States. Pests / diseases: If junipers are well cared for and placed in an ideal location they are very resistant to pests. Use slow-release organic fertilizer once a month during the growing season, or a liquid fertilizer every week when watering. If you’d like to see strong growth you can apply some higher nitrogen levels in the spring. The rust fungus infests the junipers permanently and cannot be cured. The Juniper bonsai tree is a hardy tree recommended for beginners. Juniper Bonsai Soil and Fertilization. Misting the tree can be done regularly, especially after the tree has been repotted because it benefits from air humidity. Juniper species prefer a well draining soil that will allow airflow to the roots. But it cannot bud again from bare tree parts, so take care that there is some foliage left on every branch you wish to keep alive. Before you water, the soil should slightly dry. The foliage is needle-like on young trees and scale-like on older trees. Ensuring that the bonsai has adequate drainage is imperative in preventing the soil from becoming waterlogged. So, to take care of a Juniper bonsai you should: Water it between two and three times per week before the soil completely dries out. However, during the winter, you need to be extra careful. There are some Juniper bonsai over When we think of a traditional bonsai and what it should look like, we think of a "Juniper Procumbens Nana." Regularly thinning out the foliage pads will help to decrease the likelihood of pest infestation as dense foliage pads provide the ideal environment for them. If you need help identifying your tree, try our Bonsai tree identification guide. Pruning and training are the most important aspects of juniper bonsai care. Some trees will survive just fine indoors with some grow lights, but juniper’s aren’t that kind of species. Juniper species, like Chinese juniper, Japanese garden junipers, green mound, sargent’s needle, and shimpaku, are grown extensively as bonsai trees. In nature, it grows columnar or as a depressed shrub. It grows live veins below broken or dying branches that dry out and die to make deadwood. They are rugged, adaptable trees well-suited to bonsai culture. Placement : Place the tree outside, year-round, in a bright location with lots of sunlight. At this stage of “finished” bonsai, you want to be pruning in early to mid-summer. Basics on How to Grow a Juniper Bonsai Tree. Juniper Bonsai Tree Care. Once the branches have set in their new shape, carefully remove the wire with wire cutters so as to not damage the tree. They make perfect beginner bonsai trees for inexperienced growers as they are forgiving, easily shaped, and well-suited to bonsai growing techniques. Very old trees can be repotted at longer intervals. Certain species of juniper trees are also susceptible to fungal rust diseases. The Japanese junipers are also not infested often. Juniper’s also like lots of light, and this can be difficult to achieve indoors. Junipers are also one of the easiest forms of bonsai to take care of. Some are even considered resistant to fungal rust diseases. Watch for signs of spider mites, juniper scale, juniper aphids, juniper needle miners, as well as juniper webworms. There are two main categories of juniper trees - trees with scale-like foliage and trees with needle-like foliage. Repotting: Repot the Juniper Bonsai tree once every two years using a basic, or slightly more draining soil mixture. The triad of green foliage, reddish-brown or yellowish-brown bark, and silvery-white deadwood is very appealing. Juniper trees with scale-like foliage include the Chinese juniper and the California juniper, while juniper trees with needle-like foliage include the Japanese needle juniper, green mound juniper, and the common juniper. Junipers are also great for jin and shari, or deadwood. There are also popular juniper species with needle-like foliage. Generally, juniper bonsai trees are easy to care for and thrive on neglect. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Following a few simple guidelines allows a Juniper Bonsai to be grown without difficulty; as such, they are perfect for beginners and will enable one to develop their bonsai into a magnificent work of art with only a little patience and tender loving care. Healthy juniper trees are quite resistant to pests and diseases, however, it is a good idea to keep an eye out for several common juniper pests/diseases. They say that bonsai isn’t just a plant, it’s a way of life. The Japanese Shimpaku is actually a variety of Chinese Juniper which was originally found in the mountains of Japan. It is best to prune juniper bonsai in the early spring and summer during their active growing period. As a guide, around Thanksgiving Day it is time to prepare your Bonsai for its winter dormancy period … As a guide, around Thanksgiving Day it is time to prepare your Bonsai for its winter dormancy period … In its natural range, it is most often found growing near the sea. Juniper trees are especially popular choices in bonsai due to their ease of care, variable form, and gorgeous foliage. Acquisition of juniper Bonsai: Many well-suited juniper species in different sizes can be found in most nurseries. They make perfect beginner bonsai trees for inexperienced growers as they are forgiving, easily shaped, and well-suited to bonsai growing techniques. Do not prune the roots too aggressively. respond especially well to bonsai training, establishing readily and tolerating neglect. Make sure not to allow foliage pads to get too dense otherwise, pests can settle in them more easily. The Juniperus genus contains between 50-70 species of trees and low-lying shrubs. Never pinch a juniper. The Japanese Needle Juniper has sharp, dark green, stinging needles with a narrow white line along their length. The Rocky Mountain Juniper grows in western North-America and can become a tall tree. You should plan to water it every two to three days. Junipers simply cannot survive for any extended period of time indoors, even if you provide them a bright windowsill. The berry-like cones are round or oval and are filled with round or edged seeds. Watering: Be careful not to overwater, as the juniper’s roots don't like soil wetness. Juniper bonsai care Juniper Bonsai are characterized by a great hardiness and longevity. You can opt-out at any time. A Juniper Bonsai is a living miniature tree and not a house plant; therefore, your bonsai must be maintained in a cool/cold environment during the winter season. The juniper bonsai tree has long been recognized as one of the most popular trees for bonsai. Join our Bonsai forum to ask your questions. You can usually find good raw material for Bonsai there. Caring For Juniper Bonsai. The most popular juniper varieties for bonsai include: Proper and regular pruning is essential to the aesthetic and health of a bonsai tree. We say this because they are born healthy and are adaptable to all temperature conditions. They will grow resistant against pests. The Juniper cannot live indoors. They can be found at most garden centers or plant stores, or online from speciality bonsai retailers. Do not trim the juniper like a hedge because the removal of all growing tips will weaken the tree and the cut will turn the needles brown. Bonsai trees require regular care and maintenance. The foliage pads should be wired and fanned out after thinning, to let light and air get in, otherwise, the inner parts of the foliage pads will die, and dense pads also increase the risk of pest infestation. Juvenile growth can also result from heavy pruning, bending, or overwatering and can last as long as a few years until the normal scale-like foliage grows and the young needle-like foliage falls or can be removed. Because the small pots contain a limited amount of soil, adequately watering and fertilizing a juniper bonsai is critical to its health. Download these instructions. Juniper bonsai trees should be grown outdoors year-round and cannot tolerate growing indoors. The visibly infested branches die in most cases and the fungus can emerge on other tree parts. Specific Bonsai care guidelines for the Juniper Bonsai Placement : Place the tree outside, year-round, in a bright location with lots of sunlight. ProFlowers Merchandising Product Designer Nikki Kinowski says, “Our juniper bonsai (outdoor option) and our golden gate ficus (indoor option) are the most forgiving options for beginners.” Unlike other bonsai trees, the Chinese Juniper doesn’t like being pruned, in … Removing the parts with the swellings and galls is no guarantee that the fungus will not reappear. It came in a small pot at first you can see from the picture. When the foliage pads become too dense they must be thinned out with sharp scissors at the base. Some species change their foliage color during frosty periods to a purplish brown which is a part of their internal frost protection mechanism. Trees in his collection go far beyond the common spruce and juniper bonsai sold at typical nurseries. It also includes three American species: The California Juniper (Juniperus californica,) the Rocky Mountain Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum,) and the Sierra Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis). They are hardy, frost-tolerant trees that can withstand temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit without protection. For more details, see our, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper, How to Care for and Maintain a Bonsai Tree. Since some juniper species are low-lying ground cover shrubs, they also make fantastic cascading bonsai due to their natural downward growth habit. Scale junipers’ new growth, or juvenile foliage, appears needle-like until the typical scale-like foliage appears when they mature. Another very popular juniper for bonsai is the Itoigawa Shimpaku due to its delicate emerald-green foliage. Never allow the soil to dry out completely. Aesthetically, we want unobstructed structures to avoid the juniper from looking like broccoli. The two most popular juniper species for bonsai with scale-like foliage are the Chinese Juniper and the Japanese Shimpaku. Juniper bonsai appreciate regular feeding during the spring and fall months to promote strong growth. Don’t worry they will turn green again in spring. This plant grows as a ground covering shrub if it is not shaped. by Benjamin Lee Janssen (Upstate New York, United States) I got my Juniper Bonsai tree about 2 weeks ago. Junipers can have two types of foliage, needle-like, and scale-like foliage. If vigorous growth is desired, a nitrogen-rich fertilizer is recommended - but only in the spring months. They are evergreen coniferous trees or shrubs, which are very popular for Bonsai. Other popular species include the Chinese juniper (Juniperus Chinensis,) the Japanese Shimpaku (Juniperus sargentii,) the Japanese needle juniper (Juniperus rigida,) two central European species: The savin (Juniperus sabina,) and the common juniper (Juniperus communis.) The cones are often eaten by birds who spread the germinable seeds through the bird’s droppings. Junipers have a naturally compact growth habit which makes them well-suited to bonsai growing techniques, and relatively young juniper bonsai can look well-established without much effort. Chinese Juniper (Juniperus Chinensis) It’s a small bonsai that can withstand climate change. Young trees can be repotted every two years at the most, and older trees can go as long as five years without being repotted. The California Juniper is native to California and has bluish-grey scale-like foliage. The Juniper should be preferably grown outdoors as it requires 6 or more hours of direct sunlight on a daily basis. Pruning: To develop the foliage pads, long shoots that stick out of the silhouette can be pinched or cut at the base with sharp scissors throughout the growing season. Wiring: Junipers produced for Bonsai are often heavily wired when they are very young. Traditional insecticide/miticide sprays will help but if you want to get rid of pests, you should investigate why the tree was prone to infestation. As with most species well-suited to bonsai, juniper trees take well to wiring, although it should be done slowly and carefully. Find species-specific information on your tree. Junipers can be bent aggressively, but be sure to wrap branches with raffia or tape for protection. When you have a Rocky Mountain juniper that has its main structure and secondary branches set, you will be working on the tertiary branches. Just follow our tips on how to care for a bonsai tree and soon you’ll be on your way to becoming a true bonsai pro! 2. It is best to wire a juniper bonsai throughout the winter months when the tree is dormant. There are two groups of Junipers, one with scale-like foliage and the other one with needle-like foliage. If you water your Juniper bonsai and see water pooling at the surface, the soil drainage is not sufficient. 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